WP7 Logistic system analysis

More eco-friendly fuels and innovative technologies onboard vessels are important factors to reach a lower level of emissions.

There are also great possibilities to decrease the environmental impact caused by waterborne transportation by improving its logistic system.

For examples, new technologies and methods that increase the handled units per hour in port and advanced information systems with high data quality mean a reduction of the housekeeping activities, the empty miles and the turnaround time in port. A shorter turnaround time facilitates lower speed at sea for the vessels, increased flexibilities in terms of sailing schedule, and helps with reducing port congestion, all of which contribute to a reduction of the environmental impact.

Measures aimed at increasing the capacity utilisation of carriers and transport units in the intermodal chain can reduce the fuel consumption and ease congestion if the number of vehicle and vessel trips can be cut.

An efficient sailing schedule is central; significant improvements of both the environmental and the economic performance of a fleet are expected from proper routing and scheduling, as it can significantly reduce the bunker consumption.

WP7 investigates logistic aspects of the waterborne transport system, and deals with how to design and operate a greener and more efficient maritime system.

The work includes analysis of different factors that affect the performance of the sea transport and the ship-shore interface, such as faster turnaround time, changed speed at sea, fleet management, relationship between ship particularities (e.g. length, breadth, draught) and cargo capacity, sizes and duration of shipping contracts, etc.

The work package includes a description of appropriate measures for reducing emissions from a logistic perspective and how to realise them. Suggestions for logistic improvements of the sea transport will be established and their potential for reducing emissions will be estimated.